It is a small bush (up to 30 cm), with upright shoots, extremely resistant and emerges a very pleasant scent. It is found in the southern and mediterranean regions of Europe, in various parts of Asia and is also grown in North America.
The Sumerians used thyme 5500 years ago as a spice, but also as a medicine.
The Egyptians used it as a balm and aromatic. Dioscorides recommended it as a disinfectant for various diseases from the 1st century AD. Pliny recommended it as an antidote for snake bites, “marine beings” poison and headache.
The Romans burned the plant believing that its smoke repelled the scorpions and used it in their baths to gain vigor and energy. In the Middle Ages, women embroidered thymus twigs for the wandering knights for the same reason. In the 16th century it was established as a medicine in Europe.
It can soothe airway inflammations and asthma. As syrup it can treat coughing, acting as an expectorant, bronchitis, pharyngitis and tonsillitis. It can alleviate flu symptoms.
Thyme essential oil is used to treat gynecological mycoses as it bears strong antiseptic, antibacterial and fungicidal properties.
It fights indigestion and inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Thyme infusion also helps with IBS.
It shows strong antioxidant activity due to the thymol and carvacrol components. It is recommended as a natural stimulant of the immune and nervous system.
It contributes to spirit clarity while reducing anxiety and depression. It is appropriate for the treatment of insomnia.